Strategies to Extend Students' Thinking

McTighe, J. and Lyman, F.T. "Cueing Thinking in the Classroom: The promise of Theory-Embeddd Tools." Educational Leadership: V45, #7, Apr. 88, pp.18-24.

Scribed by Kathy O'Neal

**Remember "wait time I and II"
Provide at least three seconds of thinking time after a question and after a response.

**Utilize "think-pair-share"
Allow individual thinking time, discussion with a partner, and then open up the class discussion.

**Ask "follow-ups"
Why? Do you agree? Can you elaborate? Tell me more. Can you give me an example?

**Withhold judgement
Respond to students' answers in a non-evaluative fashion.

**Ask for summary (to promote active listening)
"Could you please summarize John's point?"

**Survey the class
"How many people agree with the author's point of view?" ("thumbs up or thumbs down")

**Allow for student calling
"Richard, will you please call on someone else to respond?"

**Play devil's advocate
Require students to defend their reasoning against different points of view.

**Ask students to "unpack their thinking"
"Describe how you arrived at your answer."("think aloud")

**Call on students randomly
Not just those with raised hands.

**Student questioning
Let students develop their own questions.

**Cue student responses
"There is not a single correct answer for this question. I want you to consider alternatives."

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